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Posts Tagged ‘mnemonics’

More Mnemonics

There was a request for more mnemonics. Here’s some for Paediatric orthopaedics:

When to be concerned in Paediatric Orthopaedics
– when a child presents with the 5 S‘s

Symptoms
Stiffness
aSymmetry
Syndrome
Systemic Disorders

Common causes of a limp in children (by age)

The limping child DIPS

Age Condition
Birth DDH
0-5 Infection
5-10 Perthe’s disease
10-15 SUFE

Please note that there is some overlap between ages at which paediatric conditions occur.

Risk Factors for DDH

All the Fs

Female
First born
LeFt side mainly
Fluid defect (oligohydramnios)
Faulty position (breech)
Female hormones (relaxin)

Clinical tests for DDH

dislocataBle and Out to in

Barlow’s test – Is the hip dislocataBle?
Ortolani’s test – Is the hip reducible? (from Out to in)

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Mnemonics In Orthopaedics

Do you find mnemonics a useful way of remembering essential facts? Here are a few related to Orthopaedics:

X-ray features of Osteoarthritis (LOSS)

Loss of joint space
Osteophytes
Subchondral sclerosis
Subchondral cysts

Radiological Features of Rheumatoid Arthritis (LESS)

Loss of joint space
Erosions
Soft tissue Swelling
Soft bones (osteopenia)

Compartment Syndrome (all the Ps)

Early
Pain out of proportion to the injury
Pain with passive movement

Later
Paraylsis
Pulselessness
Paraesthesia
Pallor
Poikilothermia (or Perishing cold)

If you find these mnemonics helpful, let us know – we can post some more!

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